News

Kyle Jones

president@macdougall.org

In our mother tongue, fàilte oirbh gu Làrach-lìn Chomann Chlann MhicDhùghaill Ameireaca a Tuath. ‘S e rùn an làraich-lìn seo beagan dualchas nan Dùghallach a shealltainn dhuibh. Tha mi an dòchas gun còrd i ribh.

On behalf of the members of the Clan MacDougall Society of North America, I would like to welcome you to our website.

We hope to provide an ever expanding insight into the heritage of Clans MacDougall and MacDowall. Our clans are eight and a half centuries old and are part of a Scottish heritage that is over two millennia old. Our Society supports an active program to maintain this heritage as we continue to expand our activities in preserving and celebrating our ancient culture and traditions.

If you are not a member, we hope you will consider joining us. Membership in our Society allows closer participation in our activities and discoveries. Our members receive monthly newsletters and two or three times a year they receive our newsletter, The Tartan, which provides more in-depth articles. Members have access to the Members’ Page on this website.

Thank you for your interest in Clans MacDougall and MacDowall. I hope you enjoy our website and I encourage you to become a frequent visitor.

MacDougall crest CLAN NAMES AND FAMILIES McDowell badge

 

Clan Names and Families Associated With Clan MacDougall of Argyll and Clan MacDowall of Galloway

Welcome to the location of “The Clan Names and Families Associated with Clan MacDougall of Argyll and Clan MacDowall of Galloway”. We are presently constructing our presentation about the proud names who share our clan history in Lorn Argyll, and in Galloway, Scotland. Our goal is to establish this portion of our web site as a source of accurate and concise information about our clansmen and in particular those clansmen who bear names other than MacDougall or MacDowall in their many spellings. If you would like to contribute information to our project you may contribute information to our project by e-mail to our project coordinator at smacdou102@aol.com. Please identify the name for which you are submitting information in the heading portion of the e-mail. Materials relating to the Lorn and Galloway history of the following names will be most welcome. If the information pertains to other locations outside our Clan MacDougall history, or beyond our traditional territories in Lorn and Galloway, then it will be further evaluated to ensure its relevance to this project.

 

Names of Families Associated with Clan MacDougall or with Clan MacDowall includes variant spellings of MacDougall and MacDowall with or without the ” Mc ” or ” Mac ” or ” M’ ” prefix.
Eunson Coles Cowan Dougal Dougall Dowall Dowell Dugal
Dugald Howell Howells Lucas MacClintock MacConcher MacCoul MacCowan
MacCowell MacCoyle MacDill MacDool MacDougal MacDougall MacDoul MacDowall
MacDowell MacDugald MacEowen MacEwan MacEwen MacHale MacHowell MacLinden
MacLintock MacNamell MacOual Macoul Macoull MacOwan MacOwen Macowl
Surnames of families who have been associated with Clan MacDougall in Argyll:
Carmichael of Argyll

Conacher

Livingston(e) of Argyll

MacConacher

MacCulloch

MacDulothe

MacKichan

MacLucas

MacLugash

MacLulich

 

Coul/Kyle/Cole Names and Clan MacDowall 

The names Coull, McCoul, Cole, Coyle, and Kyle, with or without the Mac, Mc, or M’ prefix, are found within Clan MacDowall. Some of these names are more ancient than the name Macdowall itself, and some appear in other clans and families also, especially in Clan MacDougall.

There is an independent Kyle Family Society based in the US with a web site at www.kylesociety.org. Chief Fergus Macdowall is the Patron of the Kyle Family Society. In its Society name, the Kyle Family Society uses the surname “Kyle” for simplicity to encompass all variations of its surname spellings and pronunciations. The Society has members with several origins and spellings of the surname. Surname spellings and their variations include:

Cael, Caeles, Caelus, Caelius, Cill, Cil, Coales, Coales, Coel, Coelius, Cole, Cola, Coil, Coile, Coils, Coilius, Colees, Coles, Coleye, Colles, Collye, Colye,  Cooals, Cooils, Cooles, Cooyles, Cooyell, Cooylles, Coull, Coyl, Coyles, Coyll, Coylle, Coylles, Coyls, Cyll, Kaal, Kaale, Kail, Kaile, Kaul, Kayle, Kayll, Keil, Kile, Koil, Koile, Koiles, Koill, Koyel, Koyl, Kuyle, Kyolle, Kyle, Kyll, Kylle and others.

In 2005 Clan Chief Fergus Macdowall confirmed that Kyle families and their surname variations, if they so wish, will be accepted as clan members as variants of the Coull, McCoul, etc. name of the Clan MacDowall. As members of Clan MacDowall these families are eligible to join the Clan MacDougall Society of North America and to participate in its games, parades, and other activities.

 

Information provided by Scott MacDougald, Jaeame Koyil, Clan Chief Fergus Macdowall of Garthland


Dunollie tower with the Standard’s first flight at the International Gathering in 2009.

Dunollie Castle is at the center of Lorn and its adjacent islands, the area in which MacDougalls and their associated families find their historical and cultural roots. The Castle, a symbol of our Clan heritage, holds a commanding position overlooking the Sound of Kerrera, Oban Bay, and the Firth of Lorn. The Castle’s massive tower, which is perhaps six centuries old, dominates the ruins. The castle itself is considerably older, and the promontory on which it stands has hosted defensive sites for two millennia or more. Dunollie was one of the capitals of Dàl Riada, the most prominent early kingdom of the Gaels in Scotland lasting from late in the fifth into the ninth century. The promontory stood at the intersection of the inner passage running between the Lorn coast and the offshore islands, and the fast route along the lochs of the Great Glen to Scotland’s east coast. Its position astride major trade routes suggests that Dunollie was probably used from at least the Bronze Age.

Limited archeological excavations were carried out on outer earthworks of Dunollie Castle in 1978. L. Alcock, in the RCAHMS Site Record for Dunollie Castle, writes that three older structural phases were identified in the excavation: The first two are thought to date from the late 7th-8th centuries AD, while the third appears to be a defensive work of the 13th century.
The tower, with its six foot thick walls and imposing position, gives a feeling of ancient strength but this masks serious deterioration in critical parts of its external walls. External layers of stone have only loose mutual support over large areas. The stones at the base of a corner have fallen away leaving the outer upper corner unsupported. A side wall shows extensive loss of stone at its base. The deterioration is gathering pace, with the loss of additional corner stones last winter. The stones are falling close to the path around the castle, which may become dangerous to use in winter. A structural engineer has described the Castle as being in a state of progressive collapse.

The wall of the tower facing Dunollie House, as seen
this past summer.
Deterioration at the corner of that wall.

With substantial assistance from Historic Scotland the extensive studies needed to bring together a repair and consolidation plan have been carried out. Historic Scotland is an agency of the Scottish Government with a responsibility of safeguarding, and promoting the understanding and enjoyment of, Scotland’s historic environment. The next step is to commission technical experts to transform the repair and consolidation plan into a phases-of-work plan, which is essential for obtaining staged funding for a long-term repair program. It is important to develop requests for such funding as soon as possible. Stabilizing Dunollie Castle will require more than £1.3 million.

The action of the Board extending support for technical experts was consonant with one of the stated purposes of our Society, which is to assist “in the maintenance, repair, and upkeep of the ruins, grounds, and buildings of Dunollie Castle through the MacDougall of Dunollie Preservation Trust, the ancient seat of the Chief near Oban, Argyll, Scotland.”

–Ashby McCown
Deterioration at the base of another wall of the castle.

Battle Cry: “Vincere Vel Mori” To Conquer or Die
Clan Badge: Oak
Clan Bird: the Raven

The MacDowalls are recognized as a clan by the Standing Council of Scottish Chiefs. Although there are many variations as described below, the official spelling of the clan name is MacDowall with the letter “D” capitalized. Fergus D. H. Macdowall of Garthland is Chief of the Name and Arms of MacDowall. He is an Honorary President of the Clan MacDougall Society of North America. The Society has a strong membership of MacDowalls whose names are often spelled in phonetic variations such as Macdowel, McDowell, Macdowall, and McDoual etc. as discussed below.

Origins in Scotland

The family originated in Galloway in south west Scotland as descendants of Duegald, the founder of the family. He was the second son of Uchtred Lord of Galloway and a grandson of Prince Fergus of Galloway d. 1161, rulers of Galloway. Duegald is mentioned in the Melrose Chronicle as having been killed in 1185 while supporting his older brother in battle.

For the next century Duegald’s family was known as the Macdougalls in Galloway with their name spelt with a small letter “d”. They have no proven relation to the MacDougalls of Argyll though both originally had a Gaelic name of “Mac Dou gall” meaning “son of the black stranger”. The name “Black Foreigner” or “Black Stranger” was the early Gaelic term or nickname for a Dane, later extended to other Norsemen and by Duegald’s time it applied more generally to persons of Norse descent. Duegald’s descendants’ family name of “Macdougall” came from adding the Gaelic prefix “Mac” meaning “son of” in front of his name.

Names and Spellings

On 7 July 1292 the family name spelling of Macdougall in Galloway was written in modified form when signing the “Ragman Roll” oath of fealty required of all the Scottish nobility by King Edward I of England. This change in spelling distinguished it from the Highland Clan MacDougall of Argyll. The Macdougall in Galloway family name spelling was thus modified to change the letters “ug” to “w” (i.e. “uu” pronounced “oo”) in a Norman transliteration. Duegald’s lineal successor Dougal Macdougall of Gairachloyne and his younger brother Fergus affixed their seals to the “Ragman Roll” and their names were inscribed on the Roll as “Macdowyl” and “Macdowald” instead of Macdougall. However the Makerston branch of the family founded circa 1370 on the Borders in southeast Scotland carried on for centuries using the original name of “Macdougal” or “Makdougal” always using the small letter “d’.

In later centuries the spellings of Macdowall with a capital “D” and also with the letter “e” as in “MacDowell” became common especially after many emigrated from Galloway across to nearby Ireland before and during the Plantations of Ulster in the early 1600’s, and then generations later from Ireland on to North America. As a result most of the members of the family now live in the United States where the “e” spelling is most commonly found but many other variant spellings of the name exist. Because of the years these families spent in Ireland there are those who believe their name is Irish but the Clan MacDowall is actually a Galloway Scotland name over eight centuries old.

The migrations of the family to Ireland, North America and elsewhere led to many spellings and variations of the ancient family name Macdowall.

  1. Nowadays the surnames and spellings with or without the Mac, Mc, or M’ prefix within the Clan MacDowall include variations of McDowell, MacDowel, Macdowal, MacDowyl, McDuyl, Macdoual, McDouall, M’Douall, MacDool, McDoll, Makdougal, Macdougall (the original ancient name of the Macdowalls) etc.
  2. Other name variations within the Clan MacDowall include Dowall, Dugal, Dugle, Duwall, and O’Dowill.
  3. Names such as Kyle, Coull, McCoul, Coyle, Cole, and Dole are Galloway family names that were territorially associated with the Macdowalls. These names and their related spellings are all accepted as members of Clan MacDowall.

A Brief History of the Clan MacDowall

History indicates that Gille, the native Dalriadic Governor of the Western Isles under Norse suzerainty about the year 1000, was the great grandfather in the male line of Fergus Lord of Galloway. Gille was also the ancestor on the distaff line of the Norse king Somerled of Argyll the father of Dougall the patronymic ancestor of the MacDougalls of Argyll.

Fergus of Galloway (1096-1161) was placed in training in the feudal court of England for the purpose of replacing the competing clan system of governance then in use for Gaels in southwestern Scotland. About 1124 Fergus married Elizabeth, a daughter of King Henry I of England and he assumed the powerful Lordship of Galloway ruling a land coveted by both Scotland and England. “Prince” Fergus was made the first feudal Lord of Galloway under King David I of Scotland. Their elder son Uchtred became the second feudal Lord of Galloway. It was Uchtred’s second son Duegald (k. 1185) after whom the cadet branch of the House of ancient Galloway was patronymically written as Macdougall until 1292-6, after which time it appeared as “Macdowall” and was pronounced “Macdouall”.

In 1295 Duegald’s lineal successor Dougal Macdougall of Gairachloyne was granted a confirmatory charter to the Galloway lands of Gairachloyne / Garochloyne, Lougan / Logan and Eldrig / Elrig by his Baliol fourth cousin King John I as Lord of Galloway.

This Sir Dougal and his heirs of two more generations led the defending forces of Galloway in the name of the Baliol Crown of Scotland for fifty years after King Robert I (Bruce) invaded Galloway in 1306. They were comrades in battle with King Robert I’s heir king David II in 1347 and shared his English captivity. About 1370 Sir Dougal’s fourth grandson, Sir Fergus Macdowell of Makerstoun and of Garthland inherited the feudal Barony of Makerstoun near Kelso in south east Scotland from his Fraser mother. There he established the Makerstoun cadet branch which later adopted the spellings of “Macdougall” and “Makdougall” but consistently retained the use of the small letter “d”. This lowland derivation accounts for the name Macdougall being in common use in a Borders area so far from the Highlands.

The family continued to play a role in Scottish government and commercial life for centuries though over time many emigrated to Ireland and to Europe. Many of the Irish members moved onwards generations later to settle in North America particularly after 1700.

In 1987 Professor Fergus Day Hort Macdowall, the Clan Chief, re-matriculated Arms at the Lyon Court of Scotland as the Laird and Baron of the feudal baronies of Garthland and Castlesemple, Chief of the Name and Arms of MacDowall. He retained the site of Garthland Castle (1211) at Garthland Mains near Stranraer, Wigtownshire, Scotland and the substitute estate of Garthland with seat at Barr Castle near Lochwinnoch, Renfrewshire, Scotland. In 1987 he designated the official spelling of the clan name as “Clan MacDowall” in honour of the capital “D” spelling style of most clansmen today.

Sources of Further Information of Importance to Clan MacDowall

  1. An excellent 9-page color booklet in PDF format, entitled “The Clan of the MacDowalls of Galloway” is available for download from the North America Society web site here
  2. Informative books about Clan MacDowall are displayed in the Book Pages in the Resources Section of the Clan MacDougall Society web site here.
  3. The MacDowalls a book by Fergus D. H. Macdowall Editor-in-Chief and Contributing Writers became available in 2009. Its cover is the new MacDowall Tartan pattern. Chapters include the ancient history in Galloway, the Macdougalls of Makerstoun cadet, castles and abbeys and other structures relating to the Macdowalls in Galloway, emigration, settlement and prominent MacDowalls of North American history, and emigrations of families to the Netherlands, Sweden and Russia. All profits from the sale of this book are held in Trust by the Clan MacDougall Society to be used for promoting the heritage of Clan MacDowall. Your local bookstore may order this book for you but may ask for its ISBN 978-0-578-02679-4. The MacDowalls may also be purchased through Lulu.com at https://www.lulu.com/shop/search.ep?keyWords=The+MacDowalls&type. The soft cover price is $19.00 plus shipping. Outlets such as amazon.com and other book stores may offer it at their own prices.

Clan MacDougall Society of North America

The Clan MacDougall Society of North America:

  1. Promotes interest in Scottish heritage and Clan MacDowall and Clan MacDougall
  2. Helps to research their history and support their heritages and historic places.
  3. Publishes “The Tartan” newsletter, has a web site at www.macdougall.org and a Facebook page at www.facebook.com/clanmacdougall
  4. Our web site Heritage Section for MacDowalls
  • Explains our Clan MacDowall history and describes our historic places in Galloway,
  • Displays our Crest-badges and our Tartans,
  • Provides information about relevant and reliable books about our Clan MacDowall.

Membership in the Society is open to all persons and their descendants who support Clan MacDowall or Clan MacDougall or the Families associated with these two clans.
Names eligible for membership include:

  1. All spelling variations of MacDowall or Macdougall with or without the “Mac” or “Mc” or capital “D” or double “L” or “e” or “a”,
  2. Clan MacDowall’s Associated Families of Kyle, Coull, McCoul, Coyle, Cole, and Dole etc. with or without the “Mac” or “Mc”.

Help us to preserve your ancient heritage by becoming a member of the Clan MacDougall Society. Membership information is available here.

***** Created by the Clan MacDougall Society of North America, September 2012 *****

 

This should only be seen by registered members.

The Clan MacDougall Society of North America, Inc. was founded in 1964 with the full approval of our late chief, Madam MacDougall of MacDougall, thirtieth Chief of the Clan. The Society has continued to grow with the formation of chapters in Canada and the United States. Clan MacDougall Society of North America is recognized by the Internal Revenue Service as a charitable organization under Sec. 501(c)(3). Contributions and gifts to the Society are tax-deductible for U.S. taxpayers. Recently the work of the Society was expanded through the creation of the Clan MacDougall Foundation and the appointment of Regional Commissioners. Together we are moving into the twenty-first century, bringing to our increasing circle of members a joy of belonging and of growing pride in a goodly heritage.

Through the efforts of Society members, the following activities are in constant development:

  • Computerized, family genealogical information.
  • Preservation and sharing of our heritage – music, oral history, folklore and crafts.
  • Involvement of our youth through athletic, creative and exchange experiences.
  • Publication of The Tartan, our Clan Society’s communicator and supplementary newsletters.
  • Support to our Chief in maintaining Dunollie as well as the preserving of historical records.
  • Making available books, manuscripts and other sources to libraries and centers of Scottish studies.
  • Awarding prizes and trophies which encourage excellence in performance within the Scottish community.
  • Maintaining contact with our Clanspeople around the world.

Castle Restoration

GYLEN CASTLE DEDICATION On Friday, May 12, 2006 an event took place which was of great interest and significance to all MacDougall clan folk who are concerned with clan history and treasures. Chief Morag MacDougall of MacDougall cut the ribbon officially reopening Gylen Castle to visitors. It has been 11 years since the mother and aunt of Chief Morag created the Gylen Castle Repair Fund and commenced the process of applying for grants and making plans for the careful reconstruction and repair of this beautiful clan treasure. It has suffered from more than 350 years of ravage and deterioration from weather, at its high perch on the southern end of Kerrera Island in Oban Bay, on the northwestern shore of Scotland.

I am greatly indebted to Chief Morag, her husband, Richard Morley, our good friend Hamish MacDougall of Appin and Bridge of Weir, and friends at the Oban Times for providing us with details of the dedication ceremony. More than 80 interested clan folk and media attended the dedication – some of whom walked and some of whom rode the two miles from the ferry dock to the castle. Prior to and after the official ribbon cutting at the castle, there were interesting and informative speeches back at the Gylen Teahouse by a number of the official representatives, most of whom are well known to many of you: Mike Robertson ( Factor of the MacDougall estates and interests), Catherine Gillies (of the Friends of MacDougall Collection), Dr. John Raven of Historic Scotland, Martin Hadlington (Chief architect of the Gylen Repair Project), and, of course, the official speech of Chief Morag herself. Unavoidable conflicts kept me from going over to represent our NA Society, but we were ably represented by Mr. Gary MacDougall of Chicago, who gave an excellent speech on our behalf. There was very good coverage by local and national Scottish news agencies.

To put the significance of the completion of this extensive repair work in historical context, let me fill you in on some of the history of this architectural treasure.
Gylen Castle was built during ca. 1582-1587 by Duncan MacDougall, who was either the brother or the son of the chief at that time. It was clearly constructed as a fortified residence. Its design is obviously defensive, with heavy walls, guarded entrances, gun loops and ports, and observation outlooks on all sides. However its design was not entirely for utility or defense. Not only is it surrounded by glorious scenery on all sides, but, clearly, great care, artistry and craftsmanship went into its construction. You will see many interesting features such as: crowstep gables, corbled cornices, romanesque carvings, and sculptures of faces and figures.
Sadly, no amount of repair work or money will restore Gylen to its original condition, because in 1647 (after only 60 years) a detachment of the army of the fanatic Covenanters captured and burned the castle and killed all who resided and defended therein, either on the spot or taken to Inverary Castle and hanged. To add to this tragedy, it was on this occasion that the great family treasure, the Brooch of Lorne, disappeared. It had been captured by MacDougalls from Robert the Bruce in 1306. The brooch of Lorne has since been returned to the MacDougalls and remains in the possession of the Chief. Gylen Castle was returned to the Chief of the MacDougalls in 1660, after the restoration.

Even though the repair work on Gylen is finished, important planning continues for repair and preservation of Clan MacDougall treasures: Dunollie Castle and Dunollie House and estates, in the interests of visiting Clan folks. The “Gylen Castle Repair Fund” was some time ago converted into the “MacDougall of Dunollie Preservation Trust”, and this continues to be a primary vehicle for funding continuing preservation work. Donations to this fund can be made through the Clan Society Treasurer or directly to Scotland. In addition, I will continue to sell copies of Bill MacDougall’s clan history “Kings in the West, and Beyond the Seas”, with proceeds going to the Preservation Trust.

Respectfully submitted, June, 2006
Richard MacDougal, Past President
Chairman, International Relations Committee
If you wish to donate to the fund, your contribution by check should be made out to “MacDougall of Dunollie Preservation Trust” and given or mailed to your regional commissioner of the Clan MacDougall Society.

Report from the architect:

GYLEN CASTLE: CONSOLIDATION AND REPAIR WORK
Gylen Castle is currently undergoing extensive repair and consolidation works, which will take a number of years to complete. The work is funded by the MacDougall family and clan members, and is grant aided by Historic Scotland. The work involves the careful consolidation of the fabric and repointing with lime mortars. The work so far has been limited to the interior and wallhead areas, and the next phases of the work will concentrate on the exterior walls. The building was constructed in 1587, and has been roofless since 1640. It has received minor repairs in the past (1913), however this is the first major repair and consolidation of this very important castle.
I hope that you will appreciate that the building is currently inaccessible to the public for safety reasons. I also hope you will visit the castle again once the work is complete in a few years time.

Martin Hadlington, Architect

In the Christmas 2012 edition of the Tartan newsletter our president, Peter Clepper, reported on our urgent November 2012 donation to the Dunollie Preservation Fund to immediately assist Dunollie Castle. He said:

“This past month, we also convened our first web-based Board meeting. At that meeting, we agreed to an emergency request from Dunollie for funds to develop a major construction grant proposal. The purpose is to halt the deteriorating foundation of the Castle. Professional scientific analyses are essential for successful proposals. Ashby McCown has given us a report in this issue about the Castle situation.”

The article in the Christmas 2012 Tartan newsletter concerning our Board of Directors web based meeting also discusses the situation at Dunollie Castle. elaborates further:

“As a special additional item, Peter Clepper described a recent communication from Dunollie House. It has been known for some time that the foundation structures and base of the castle are progressively weakening. To remedy the situation, a major grant will be sought from the preservation trust: Historic Scotland. An application, however, must be accompanied by appropriate scientific and professional analyses, and the cost for these is fifteen hundred pounds, which the Dunollie Project foundation does not have. There is some urgency in moving these matters along.”

“A motion to send this amount from our reserve fund was discussed at length. Ashby McCown, attending as an invited observer, provided helpful information gained from his past several summers working on the historical collections at Dunollie House. The Board approved the motion. (A check was sent, with accompanying letter, on November 17.) Ashby McCown has given us a description of the Castle problem, in a related article.”

Past-president Richard T. MacDougal spoke to our Clan Chief and others during a formal dinner at Argyll Gathering Hall in Oban on July 22. Here is the text of his remarks:

Madam MacDougall, Project Director Catherine Gillies, distinguished guests, MacDougall clanfolk, friends:

While our celebration today is not the end, but only an early stage in the grand and wonderful scheme to renovate Dunollie for the use and appreciation of MacDougall clanfolk, it certainly is a red letter day and high water mark in the process.

To celebrate more than 2 years of hard work by the leaders in Oban, and the overlapping terms of office of 2 Presidents and officers of Clan MacDougall Society of North America, I am deeply honored and prideful to be delegated by the American Clan Society to present this check to the Dunollie Trust for $9,220.00 dollars!

I apologize for having to add a minor inconvenience to some of our forms but we’re getting five or six e-mails a day from people trying to sell diet pills and other such things. The e-mails are most likely being generated by spam “bots” or programs written specifically to send spam e-mail through contact forms. An additional step has been added in which the sender will need to type in letters presented in an image that is generated on the fly. I hope this cuts down on the spam e-mails to myself and the membership chairman.
Take care,
David

The new site has been up for two weeks now and there seem to be very few problems.

I see new users joining steadily.

There has been some confusion about why posts or comments don’t appear right away. We’re moderating forum posts or comments for general users. Those who are verified members of Clan MacDougall Society of North America will be able to post without moderation, but it may take a day or more for me to log in and manually upgrade the user status to Society Member.

In looking through the logs, I’ve seen a few “spambot” attacks, but this system tracks the IP numbers and I am able to “ban” the miscreants before they can wreak much havoc.

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